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The Acadian Diaspora

Evangeline in the Snow

Evangeline in the Snow / Maine Historical Society

A resource developed through the Longfellow and the Forging of American Identity program

Author: Rhea Côté Robbins, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Maine
Suggested Grade Level: 6-12
Subject Area: Women's Studies, Franco-American Studies, Maine Studies, and University Studies

Time Required: 2-3 weeks

Learning Objectives:
Reading Evangeline as a feminist and metaphoric text.

Materials and Resources Required:
-Lesson Plan Packet (PDF)
-Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie
-Internet access for additional resources(PDF) (optional)

Evangeline, Longfellow's heroine, has long been read as a search for Evangeline?s long-lost love, Gabrielle--separated by the British in 1755 at the time of the Grand Derangement, the Acadian Diaspora. The couple comes to find each other late in life and the story ends. Or does it?

Why does Longfellow choose to tell the story of this cultural group with a woman as the protagonist who is a member of a minority culture the Acadians? Does this say something about Longfellow's ability for understanding the misfortunes of others?

Who is Evangeline searching for? Is it Gabrielle, or her long-lost land of Acadia? Does the couple represent that which is lost to them, the land of their birth and rebirth? These are some of the thoughts and ideas which permeate Longfellow's text, Evangeline, beyond the tale of two lovers lost to one another. As the documentary, Evangeline's Quest (see below) states: "The Acadians, the only people to celebrate their defeat." They, as a cultural group, are found in the poem and their story is told.